Document Detail

The ossicle of Paaw.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21844785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Some anatomists have reported more than 3 ossicles within the middle ear. The most widely discussed of these is the lenticular ossicle, which we now understand to be the lenticular process forming the distal tip of the long process of the incus. Another supernumerary ossicle, within the stapes tendon, has also been described by a number of anatomists. Here, we examine the history of this ossicle's discovery, the sources of confusion concerning its existence in humans, and its presence in some mammalian species. We also discuss the variability in the nomenclature of supernumerary ossicles for historical accounts.
Evan M Graboyes; Richard A Chole; Timothy E Hullar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1537-4505     ISO Abbreviation:  Otol. Neurotol.     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-16     Completed Date:  2011-12-16     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100961504     Medline TA:  Otol Neurotol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1185-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ear Ossicles / anatomy & histology*
History, 17th Century
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Otolaryngology / history*
Grant Support
K08 DC006869/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; K08 DC006869-05/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 DC004665/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 DC004665-09/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; P30 DC0046651/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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