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The oslo health study: a dietary index estimating frequent intake of soft drinks and rare intake of fruit and vegetables is negatively associated with bone mineral density.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21772969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background. Since nutritional factors may affect bone mineral density (BMD), we have investigated whether BMD is associated with an index estimating the intake of soft drinks, fruits, and vegetables. Methods. BMD was measured in distal forearm in a subsample of the population-based Oslo Health Study. 2126 subjects had both valid BMD measurements and answered all the questions required for calculating a Dietary Index = the sum of intake estimates of colas and non-cola beverages divided by the sum of intake estimates of fruits and vegetables. We did linear regression analyses to study whether the Dietary Index and the single food items included in the index were associated with BMD. Results. There was a consistent negative association between the Dietary Index and forearm BMD. Among the single index components, colas and non-cola soft drinks were negatively associated with BMD. The negative association between the Dietary Index and BMD prevailed after adjusting for gender, age, and body mass index, length of education, smoking, alcohol intake, and physical activity. Conclusion. An index reflecting frequent intake of soft drinks and rare intake of fruit and vegetables was inversely related to distal forearm bone mineral density.
Arne Torbjørn Høstmark; Anne Johanne Søgaard; Kari Alvær; Haakon E Meyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-07-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of osteoporosis     Volume:  2011     ISSN:  2042-0064     ISO Abbreviation:  J Osteoporos     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101538878     Medline TA:  J Osteoporos     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  102686     Citation Subset:  -    
Section of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1130, Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway.
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