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The origin of bird pollination in Macaronesian Lotus (Loteae, Leguminosae).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22019928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The four red-flowered, apparently bird-pollinated Lotus species from the Canary Islands have previously been classified in their own genus, Rhyncholotus. Currently, they are considered as a separate section within genus Lotus, distinct from other herbaceous Canarian congeners which are yellow-flowered and bee-pollinated. A combined analysis of four nuclear regions (including ITS and three homologues of CYCLOIDEA) and three plastid regions (CYB6, matK and trnH-psbA) nests the four bird-pollinated species within a single extant species of bee-pollinated Lotus (L. sessilifolius), in a very extreme example of species paraphyly. Therefore, our data compellingly support the hypothesis that the Macaronesian Lotus species with a bird pollination syndrome are recently derived from entomophilous ancestors. Calibration of the phylogenetic trees using geological age estimates of the most recent islands (La Palma and El Hierro) together with oldest ages of Fuerteventura indicates that bird pollination evolved ca. 1.7Ma in the Canarian Lotus. These four bird-pollinated species share a most recent common ancestor (MRCA) with L. sessilifolius that dates to about 2.2Ma. Our analyses further suggest that the evolution of the bird pollination syndrome was likely triggered by the availability of new niches in La Palma and Tenerife as a result of recent volcanic activity.
Isidro Ojeda; Arnoldo Santos-Guerra; Ruth Jaen-Molina; Felicia Oliva-Tejera; Juli Caujapé-Castells; Quentin Cronk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular phylogenetics and evolution     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304400     Medline TA:  Mol Phylogenet Evol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
The Biodiversity Research Centre, Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research, Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, 6804 SW Marine Drive, Vancouver, Canada V6T 1Z4.
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