Document Detail

The organization of intralimb and interlimb synergies in response to different joint dynamics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18982319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We sought to understand differences in joint coordination between the dominant and nondominant arms when performing repetitive tasks. The uncontrolled manifold approach was used to decompose the variability of joint motions into components that reflect the use of motor redundancy or movement error. First, we hypothesized that coordination of the dominant arm would demonstrate greater use of motor redundancy to compensate for interaction forces than would coordination of the nondominant arm. Secondly, we hypothesized that when interjoint dynamics were more complex, control of the interlimb relationship would remain stable despite differences in control of individual hand paths. Healthy adults performed bimanual tracing of two orientations of ellipses that resulted in different magnitudes of elbow interaction forces. For the dominant arm, joint variance leading to hand path error was the same for both ellipsis orientations, whereas joint variance reflecting the use of motor redundancy increased when interaction moment was highest. For the nondominant arm, more joint error variance was found when interaction moment was highest, whereas motor redundancy did not differ across orientations. There was no apparent difference in interjoint dynamics between the two arms. Thus, greater skill exhibited by the dominant arm may be related to its ability to utilize motor redundancy to compensate for the effect of interaction forces. However, despite the greater error associated with control of the nondominant hand, control of the interlimb relationship remained stable when the interaction moment increased. This suggests separate levels of control for inter- versus intra-limb coordination in this bimanual task.
Ya-weng Tseng; John P Scholz; James C Galloway
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2008-11-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  193     ISSN:  1432-1106     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-09     Completed Date:  2009-04-08     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  239-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Biomechanical Phenomena
Elbow Joint / physiology*
Functional Laterality
Psychomotor Performance*
Shoulder Joint / physiology*
Upper Extremity / physiology*
Wrist Joint / physiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support

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