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The organ specificity in pathological damage of chronic intermittent hypoxia: an experimental study on rat with high-fat diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23114729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: It is known today that sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and its characteristic chronic intermittent hypoxia can cause damages to multiple organs, including the cardiovascular system, urinary system, and liver. It is still unclear, however, whether the damage caused by sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and the severity of the damage are organ-specific. METHODS: This research observed the pathological effects of chronic intermittent hypoxia on rat's thoracic aorta, myocardium, liver, and kidney, under the condition of lipid metabolism disturbance, through establishing the rat model of chronic intermittent hypoxia with high-fat diet by imitating the features of human sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome. In this model, 24 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: a control group fed by regular diet, a high-fat group fed by high-fat diet, and a high-fat plus intermittent hypoxia group fed by high-fat diet and treated with intermittent hypoxia 7 h a day. At the end of the ninth week, the pathological changes of rat's organs, including the thoracic aorta, myocardium, liver, and kidney are observed (under both optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy). RESULTS: As the result of the experiment shows, while there was no abnormal effect observed on any organs of the control group, slight pathological changes were found in the organs of the high-fat group. For the high-fat plus intermittent hypoxia group, however, remarkably severer damages were found on all the organs. It also showed that the severity of the damage varies by organ in the high-fat plus intermittent hypoxia group, with the thoracic aorta being the worst, followed by the liver and myocardium, and the kidney being the slightest. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic intermittent hypoxia can lead to multiple-organ damage to rat with high-fat diet. Different organs appear to have different sensitivity to chronic intermittent hypoxia.
Authors:
Hui Wang; Jian-Li Tian; Shu-Zhi Feng; Ning Sun; Bao-Yuan Chen; Yun Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1709     ISO Abbreviation:  Sleep Breath     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804161     Medline TA:  Sleep Breath     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Gerontology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, 154# Anshan Road, Tianjin, 300052, China.
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