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An open study of antibiotics for the treatment of pre-pouch ileitis following restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18945262     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Pre-pouch ileitis is a recently described condition which may occur following restorative proctocolectomy. Its aetiology remains unknown and only one study has reported the effect of treatment. We report a series of fourteen patients treated and followed up with repeat pouchoscopy. Aim  To study the effectiveness of antibiotics for the treatment of pre-pouch ileitis following restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Methods  Fourteen consecutive patients with symptomatic pre-pouch ileitis were treated with ciprofloxacin 500 mg b.d. and metronidazole 400 mg b.d. for 28 days. All had concurrent pouchitis. Symptomatic, endoscopic and histological assessment was performed before and following treatment using the pouchitis disease activity index (PDAI). Symptomatic remission was defined as a score of 0 in the clinical component of the PDAI. Results  Twelve (86%) patients experienced symptomatic remission. Stool frequency fell from a median of 12 (range 8-20) to 6 (4-17) (P = 0.002). There was a significant reduction in the anatomical length of pre-pouch ileitis with nine (64%) patients having either a resolution or a reduction in length of pre-pouch ileitis from a median of 10 cm (range 3-20 cm) to a median of 1 cm (range 0-10 cm) (P = 0.007). Conclusion  Combination antibiotic therapy in this uncontrolled study appears effective in reducing the length of pre-pouch ileitis and in inducing symptomatic remission in most patients whether or not its extent is reduced.
Authors:
S D McLaughlin; S K Clark; A J Bell; P P Tekkis; P J Ciclitira; R J Nicholls
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-10-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1365-2036     ISO Abbreviation:  Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707234     Medline TA:  Aliment Pharmacol Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Biosurgery and Surgical Technology, Imperial College London, Loondon Department of Gastroenterology, St Mark's Hospital, London Nutritional Sciences Division, King's College London, London Department of Surgery, St Mark's Hospital, London Department of Gastroenterology, Weston-Super-Mare General Hospital, Somerset, UK.
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