Document Detail

A one-kilogram quartz resonator as a mass standard.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23357918     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The SI unit of mass, the kilogram, is defined by a single artifact, the International Prototype Kilogram. This artifact, the primary mass standard, suffers from long-term instabilities that are neither well understood nor easily monitored. A secondary mass standard consisting of a 1-kg quartz resonator in ultrahigh vacuum is proposed. The frequency stability of such a resonator is likely to be far higher than the mass stability of the primary mass standard. Moreover, the resonator would provide a link to the SI time-interval unit. When compared with a laboratory-grade atomic frequency standard or GPS time, the frequency of the resonator could be monitored, on a continuous basis, with 10(-15) precision in only a few days of averaging. It could also be coordinated, worldwide, with other resonator mass standards without the need to transport the standards.
John Vig; David Howe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1525-8955     ISO Abbreviation:  IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882735     Medline TA:  IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  428-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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