Document Detail


A once-per-day, drug-in-food protocol for prolonged administration of antiepileptic drugs in animal models.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22092257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purpose:  Convenient and effective methods for administering potential antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) chronically should facilitate many experiments in animal models of chronic epilepsy with spontaneous recurrent seizures. This proof-of-principle study aimed to optimize a once-per-day, drug-in-food protocol by testing the effect of carbamazepine (CBZ) on the frequency of convulsive seizures in rats with kainate-induced epilepsy. Methods:  Adult male rats were given repeated low-dose kainate injections until convulsive status epilepticus persisted for >3 h. After the rats developed spontaneous recurrent seizures, food pellets with CBZ (30, 100, or 300 mg/kg/day) were provided once per day in three 2-week trials (n = 7-9 rats) involving 5 days of CBZ or control treatment, separated by two recovery days within a trial. The total amount of food provided and consumed per day corresponded to a normal caloric diet (60 g/kg/day). Key Findings:  When provided once per day, all animals ate the CBZ-containing food irregularly but continuously throughout the 24-h day. With this daily feeding protocol, CBZ significantly reduced the frequency of spontaneous convulsive seizures in a dose-dependent manner. It is important to note that the effect of CBZ was consistent across the 5 days and throughout each day of the trials. With food administered at 9:00 a.m., and blood assayed at 5:00 p.m., higher food levels of CBZ resulted in higher plasma concentrations of CBZ. Significance:  This AED-in-food protocol is simple, efficient, inexpensive, reliable, and noninvasive; it allows easier long-term drug administration and is less stressful and more humane than other methods of AED administration.
Authors:
Atif Ali; Yashomati Dua; Jonathan E Constance; Michael R Franklin; F Edward Dudek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epilepsia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1528-1167     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2983306R     Medline TA:  Epilepsia     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2011 International League Against Epilepsy.
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.A.
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