Document Detail

The oldest European fossil songbird from the early Oligocene of Germany.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15085274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We report on the oldest European songbird (Passeriformes), from the early Oligocene (30-34 million years ago) of Frauenweiler in Germany. The specimen represents the earliest associated remains of an early Tertiary passerine described so far. It ties the first appearance of Passeriformes in Europe to a minimum age of 30 million years. Passeriform birds are absent in Eocene deposits that yielded abundant remains of small land birds and apparently dispersed into Europe around the Eocene/Oligocene boundary (about 34 million years ago), not at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary (about 24 mya) as hitherto thought. This possibly relates the appearance of songbirds in Europe to a well-known major faunistic break at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary, called the " grande coupure". The Frauenweiler songbird most notably differs from extant Passeriformes in having a larger processus procoracoideus on the coracoid and appears to be outside Eupasseres, the taxon which includes Oscines (all modern European and most Old World songbirds) and Suboscines (most South and Central American songbirds). It shows that there were earlier dispersal events of non-oscine songbirds into Europe before the arrival of Oscines from the Australian continental plate towards the late Oligocene.
Gerald Mayr; Albrecht Manegold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2004-03-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Die Naturwissenschaften     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0028-1042     ISO Abbreviation:  Naturwissenschaften     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-15     Completed Date:  2004-06-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400767     Medline TA:  Naturwissenschaften     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  173-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sektion Ornithologie, Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Bone and Bones / anatomy & histology
Songbirds / anatomy & histology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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