Document Detail

The occurrence of frostbite and its risk factors in young men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15139242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have paid little attention to the occurrence of frostbites and related risk factors. The purpose of this study is to analyse the life-time occurrence of frostbite in young men and its association with the cold-provoked white finger syndrome (CPWF), smoking and hand vibration. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5839 Finnish men aged 17-30 years entering military service. Data was collected for cases of first-degree, or more severe, frostbite affecting the head and extremities. Logistic analysis was used to assess the risk of frostbite with respect to CPWF, smoking and hand vibration. RESULTS: The life-time and annual occurrences of frostbite were 44% and 2.2%, respectively (n = 2555). 2333 subjects (41%) had suffered first-degree freezing injury and 671 (12%) suffered severe injury at some time in their lives. The sites most prone to frostbite were the head, 1668 cases (31%), followed by the hands, 1154 (20%), and the feet, 810 (15%). The risk for frostbite in different body parts was increased among the subjects with CPWF (95% CI: 1.66 to 3.87), regular smokers (95% CI: 1.02 to 3.15) and those exposed to vibration (95% CI: 1.07 to 4.03). CONCLUSIONS: A synergistic increase of frostbite was reported between CPWF and regular smokers, and between CPWF and hand/arm vibration in both exposure classes analysed. The life-time occurrence of frostbite among young healthy men was high. Frostbite, and its association with CPWF, smoking and hand/arm vibration should be noted by the health care personnel in circumpolar countries.
Otso Ervasti; Kimmo Juopperi; Päivi Kettunen; Jouko Remes; Hannu Rintamäki; Jari Latvala; Raimo Pihlajaniemi; Tapani Linna; Juhani Hassi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of circumpolar health     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1239-9736     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Circumpolar Health     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-13     Completed Date:  2004-06-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713056     Medline TA:  Int J Circumpolar Health     Country:  Finland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
VR-Group Ltd, Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Finland / epidemiology
Frostbite / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects
Vibration / adverse effects

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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