Document Detail


The occurrence of Campylobacter species in Hungarian broiler chickens from farm to slaughter.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16907962     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The reported number of human enteric diseases caused by thermotolerant campylobacters increased in the last few decades worldwide. The microorganism gets into the food chain mostly with poultry meat or meat products. We are not aware of the way the campylobacters infect the broiler flocks, and there is little information about the real prevalence, about the reaction of thermotolerant campylobacters to the environmental factors and about the possibilities of elimination of the bacteria from the food chain. As a part of the long study, samples were collected from a broiler flock from the first day of life to the slaughter of the animals, in summer and in winter. In the summer period, at the first two sampling days (days 0 and 12) all of the samples were negative. At day 26, one cloaca sample, one sample from the surface of the wall near the ventilation aperture and an insect-sample were positive. At day 42, we found Campylobacter spp. on every sampling point at the slaughterhouse. In the winter period, we could not find Campylobacter spp. either from 0 day old, or from 10- and 31-day-old chickens, but we found them at 42 days of age on the slaughter plant. At the slaughtering place, 93.3% of the live birds were infected with Campylobacter spp., and at the end of the processing line, the infection rate was 100%. We could isolate campylobacters from the hands of the workers and from the processing environment as well. Out of the positive samples, 95.5% was contaminated with Campylobacter jejuni.
Authors:
A Jozwiak; O Reichart; P Laczay
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary medicine. B, Infectious diseases and veterinary public health     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0931-1793     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Med. B Infect. Dis. Vet. Public Health     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-15     Completed Date:  2006-10-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100955260     Medline TA:  J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  291-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University, H-1400 Budapest, Hungary. jozwiak.akos@aotk.szie.hu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abattoirs
Animal Husbandry / methods,  standards
Animals
Campylobacter / isolation & purification*
Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology,  transmission,  veterinary*
Chickens*
Consumer Product Safety
Food Contamination / analysis
Food Microbiology
Humans
Hygiene*
Poultry Diseases / epidemiology*,  transmission
Seasons

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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