Document Detail


The nutrition transition in Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7743983     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyse changes in child and adult nutritional status in Brazil during the past several decades. DESIGN: Two large nationally representative cross-sectional anthropometric surveys undertaken in 1974 and 1989 are the primary source of information. Child nutritional status was described based on weight-for-age and weight-for-height indices using NCHS/WHO standards. Body mass index was employed to assess adult nutritional status. SUBJECTS: 27,960 children and 94,699 adults in 1974 and 5969 children and 23,544 adults in 1989. SETTING: All regions in Brazil. RESULTS: Undernutrition, although still relevant particularly in children from lower income families, is declining among adults and children of all economic strata. Concurrent increases in adult obesity have been occurring among all groups of men and women with a higher proportion of increase among lower income families. A profound change in the income-obesity relationship determines that in the most recent survey: (1) income and body mass index are inversely related among the 30% richest women; (2) a higher prevalence of female obesity (15.4%) occurs for the 40% middle-income group; and (3) the 30% poorest Brazilian women (9.7% prevalence) can no longer be considered to be protected from obesity. CONCLUSION: Brazil is rapidly shifting from the problem of dietary deficit to one of dietary excess.
Authors:
C A Monteiro; L Mondini; A L de Souza; B M Popkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-09     Completed Date:  1995-06-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for epidemiological studies in health and nutrition, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Body Mass Index
Brazil
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Income
Male
Middle Aged
Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology*
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status*
Obesity / epidemiology*
Sex Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P01HD18076-01/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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