Document Detail

A novel three-step method for preparation of a TiB(2)-promoted LiBH(4)-MgH(2) composite for reversible hydrogen storage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23288432     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The reversible dehydrogenation properties of the 2LiBH(4)-MgH(2) composite can be effectively improved by incorporating heterogeneous nucleation agents, typically transition metal borides. A careful study of the 2LiBH(4)-MgH(2) composite with a titanium trifluoride (TiF(3)) additive finds that using the conventional one-step milling method renders only a partial conversion from TiF(3) to titanium boride (TiB(2)) through an intermediate of titanium hydride (TiH(2)). Based on a fundamental understanding of the reaction processes of the system, we developed a three-step preparation method, which involves pre-milling the LiBH(4)-TiF(3) mixture, isothermal treatment and milling together with MgH(2). A combination of phase/chemical state/microstructural analyses using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy techniques shows that the newly developed method can effectively promote the formation of TiB(2) and meanwhile, ensure a homogeneous dispersion of TiB(2) nanoparticles in the composite matrix. As a consequence, the composite sample prepared by the new method exhibits a favorable combination of high hydrogen capacity, fast reaction kinetics and satisfactory cyclic stability.
Xiangdong Kang; Kuikui Wang; Yujie Zhong; Bing Yang; Ping Wang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1463-9084     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888160     Medline TA:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, 110016, P. R. China.
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