Document Detail

A novel systematic approach to the evaluation of the fetal venous system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23800449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Sonographic evaluation of the fetal venous system in normal and abnormal conditions has drawn increasing interest in recent years. Whereas the assessment of the fetal heart and the related arteries is standardized using well-defined planes, the fetal venous system is still lacking a systematic approach. In this article we present a novel sonographic algorithm for a systematic examination of the fetal venous system using six planes of transverse and oblique views of the fetal abdomen and chest. These planes, using two-dimensional and color Doppler, enable a targeted demonstration of the typical veins to include the umbilical vein, ductus venosus, portal veins, hepatic veins, inferior vena cava, azygos vein, pulmonary veins, coronary sinus, superior vena cava and brachiocephalic vein. We postulate that integrating such a sequential stepwise algorithm for the evaluation of the venous system into targeted fetal cardiac imaging may improve the detection of isolated and combined anomalies of the fetal systemic and pulmonary veins.
Elena Sinkovskaya; Anna Klassen; Alfred Abuhamad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-0946     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Fetal Neonatal Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101240003     Medline TA:  Semin Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA. Electronic address:
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