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A novel strategy for the estimation of the general height of the visual field in patients with glaucoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24638255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: More accurate estimation of the general height of the visual field may improve our ability to detect and monitor progression of diseases affecting visual function such as glaucoma. General height (GH) can be affected by factors such as cataracts, pupillary miosis, refractive error, and learning and fatigue effects. The conventional GH index, consisting of subtracting the 85th largest value from the total-deviation map, has been shown to overestimate the height in patients with moderate and advanced glaucoma. We aimed at developing an improved estimator for general height based on ranking of total-deviation values that are within normal limits (GHr).
METHODS: Two datasets were used for the comparisons between GH and GHr estimates: one with 369 visual fields for 102 controls, and another with 500 visual fields for 124 patients. For controls, we compared the distributions of mean of total deviation (MD) and of mean of pattern deviation (MPD) derived from both the GH and the GHr estimates. For patients, we assessed agreement between both estimates and between pairs of consecutive visits. We also compared linear fits in progression analyses. All data were collected with 24-2 SITA Standard.
RESULTS: For control subjects and patients with MD above -5.5 dB, estimates with the GHr estimator were not significantly different than with the GH estimator. For patients with glaucoma with MD below -5.5 dB, as MD became more negative the GH estimates were increasingly greater than GHr estimates. For patients with glaucoma, test-retest variability was lower with the GHr estimator: between visits agreement was better for GHr estimates than for GH estimates (SD of 0.8 dB versus 1.5 dB; p < 0.0001). Linear-regression analysis fitted better estimates obtained with the GHr estimator. Root mean square error for GHr was 0.4 dB; lower than the 0.8 dB for GH (p < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: The novel GHr estimator is very different from the conventional GH estimator, has more solid foundations, and better statistical properties. Nevertheless, it is not always better than the GH estimator, in particular if no focal loss is present. Pattern-deviation maps obtained with GHr reduce systematic underestimation of glaucomatous damage.
Authors:
Iván Marín-Franch; William H Swanson; Victor E Malinovsky
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-702X     ISO Abbreviation:  Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205248     Medline TA:  Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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