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A novel semisynthetic flavonoid 7-O-galloyltaxifolin upregulates heme oxygenase-1 in RAW264.7 cells via MAPK/Nrf2 pathway.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23294286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Quercetin and gallic acid are natural activators of the transcription factor Nrf2, which regulates the expression of many cytoprotective enzymes including heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). We developed procedures for the synthesis of monogalloyl esters of quercetin and taxifolin (dihydroquercetin), namely 3-O-galloylquercetin and 7-O-galloyltaxifolin, and examined their effect on the Nrf2 pathway in RAW264.7 cells. Unlike quercetin and free gallic acid, 3-O-galloylquercetin and natural quercetin derivatives isoquercitrin (quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside) and taxifolin had no effect on the expression of HO-1. In contrast, 7-O-galloyltaxifolin increased both mRNA and protein levels of HO-1 at concentrations of 25 µM and above. The induction of HO-1 by 7-O-galloyltaxifolin was primarily associated with the production of reactive oxygen species and phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including p38 MAPKs and ERKs, followed by nuclear accumulation of Nrf2 and downregulation of Keap1, a negative regulator of Nrf2. We conclude that 7-O-galloyltaxifolin upregulates HO-1 via activation of the MAPK/Nrf2 signaling pathway.
Authors:
Jiří Vrba; Radek Gažák; Marek Kuzma; Barbora Papoušková; Jan Vacek; Martin Weiszenstein; Vladimir Kren; Jitka Ulrichová
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medicinal chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-4804     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Chem.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9716531     Medline TA:  J Med Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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