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A novel method for real-time skin impedance measurement during radiofrequency skin tightening treatments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21332912     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The thermal effects of monopolar and bipolar radiofrequency (RF) have been proven to be beneficial in skin tightening. Nevertheless, these effects were frequently partial or unpredictable because of the uncontrolled nature of monopolar or unipolar RF and the superficial nature of energy flow for bipolar or tripolar configurations. One of the hypotheses for lack or predictability of efficacy of the first-generation RF therapy skin tightening systems is lack of adaptation of delivered power to differences in individual skin impedance. A novel multisource phase-controlled system was used (1 MHz, power range 0-65 W) for treatment and real-time skin impedance measurements in 24 patients (EndyMed PRO™; EndyMed, Cesarea, Israel). This system allows continuous real-time measurement of skin impedance delivering constant energy to the patient skin independent of changes in its impedance. More than 6000 unique skin impedance measurements on 22 patients showed an average session impedance range was 215-584 Ohm with an average of 369 Ohm (standard deviation of 49 Ohm). Analyzing individual pulses (total of 600 readings) showed a significant decrease in impedance during the pulse. These findings validate the expected differences in skin impedance between individual patients and in the same patients during the treatment pulse. Clinical study on 30 patients with facial skin aging using the device has shown high predictability of efficacy (86.7% of patients had good results or better at 3 months' follow-up [decrease of 2 or more grades in Fitzpatrick's wrinkle scale]). The real-time customization of energy according to skin impedance allows a significantly more accurate and safe method of nonablative skin tightening with more consistent and predictable results.
Authors:
Yoram Harth; Daniel Lischinsky
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cosmetic dermatology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1473-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cosmet Dermatol     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101130964     Medline TA:  J Cosmet Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  24-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
O.R. Medical Center, Herzlya, Israel EndyMed Ltd., Cesarea, Israel.
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