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A novel manoeuvre for discerning supraventricular tachycardia mechanism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21227952     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aims Discerning supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) mechanism during catheter ablation procedures can be difficult and time-consuming, which, when combined with diagnostic error, places patients at risk of unnecessary complications. Distinguishing atrial tachycardia (AT) from AV nodal re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) may be particularly vexatious. Value-added techniques are thus always welcome, particularly if they are not time-consuming nor require complex intracardiac lead configurations. In this study, we assessed whether a new technique, simultaneous right atrial and right ventricular pacing (RA + RV) during ongoing SVT, met these criteria. Methods and results Using a simple intracardiac lead configuration (right atrial appendage, His bundle, right ventricular apex), the response to RA + RV delivered at 80-90% of the SVT cycle length, was examined in 80 patients referred for catheter ablation. In each patient, the actual tachycardia mechanism was adjudicated by standard electrophysiologic criteria ± successful catheter ablation. Mechanisms of SVT included, non-exclusively, AVNRT (24 patients), accessory pathway-mediated (orthodromic) re-entry (AVRT; 23 patients), AT (10 patients), and sinus tachycardia (ST induced with isoproterenol; 49 patients). Immediately after cessation of RA + RV pacing during persistent SVT, the first intracardiac electrogram observed was right atrial in all AT whereas it was His bundle in all AVNRT. The response during AVRT was mixed. Conclusions In this preliminary evaluation, RA + RV pacing appears to add value to the existing armamentarium of electrophysiologic indices to discern SVT mechanism, in particular with respect to discriminating between AVNRT and AT.
Authors:
Samir Saba; Sanjoy Bhattacharya; Ure Mezu; Eathar Razak; George Stuart Mendenhall; Evan Adelstein; Sandeep Jain; William Barrington; David Schwartzman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Cardiac Electrophysiology Section of the Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop Street, UPMC Presbyterian, Suite B 535, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
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