Document Detail

A novel formulation of metal ions and citric acid reduces reactive oxygen species in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14648968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Reactive oxygen species, including superoxide anions, are thought to play an important role in impairing wound healing. Additionally, superoxide anions react with nitric oxide produced by macrophages to form peroxynitrite, another strong oxidant with detrimental effects on surrounding tissue. This in vitro study investigated whether samples of metal ions and citric acid are able to reduce levels of reactive oxygen species. METHOD: Samples of materials were tested in assays for the following: inhibition of reactive oxygen species production by human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs); antioxidant activity (scavenging of superoxide anions in a cell-free system); inhibition of human complement (limiting the generation of complement factors that attract and stimulate PMNs, thereby reducing levels of reactive oxygen species). RESULTS: Metal ions were shown to inhibit both PMN production of reactive oxygen species and the activation of complement via the classical pathway, whereas citric acid was found to be a scavenger of superoxide anions. CONCLUSION: The beneficial effects of using formulations containing metal ions and citric acid on chronic wounds may be explained in part by a reduction of reactive oxygen species in these wounds.
A J van den Berg; S B A Halkes; H C Quarles van Ufford; M J Hoekstra; C J Beukelman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of wound care     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0969-0700     ISO Abbreviation:  J Wound Care     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-27     Completed Date:  2004-03-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9417080     Medline TA:  J Wound Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-8     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Antioxidants / pharmacology
Biological Assay / methods
Citric Acid / pharmacology*
Complement System Proteins / drug effects
Metals / pharmacology*
Neutrophils / metabolism
Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
Wound Healing / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Ions; 0/Metals; 0/Reactive Oxygen Species; 77-92-9/Citric Acid; 9007-36-7/Complement System Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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