Document Detail

The novel biomarker growth differentiation factor 15 in heart failure with normal ejection fraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20837635     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: Heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFnEF) is an important clinical entity that remains incompletely understood. The novel biomarker growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is elevated in systolic heart failure (HFrEF) and is predictive of an adverse outcome. We investigated the clinical relevance of GDF-15 plasma levels in HFnEF.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A subgroup of patients from the ongoing DIAST-CHF observational trial, with a history of chronic heart failure (CHF) or positive Framingham criteria at presentation, was selected. Patients were classified as having either HFrEF (n=86) or HFnEF (n=142) and compared with healthy elderly controls (n=188) from the same cohort. Growth differentiation factor 15 levels in HFnEF were significantly higher than in controls and similar to those in HFrEF. In multivariate analysis, factors significantly associated with GDF-15 levels were age, sex, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), presence of HFrEF and HFnEF. Growth differentiation factor 15 correlated with multiple echocardiographic markers of diastolic function and was associated with 6 min walk test performance and SF-36 physical score on multivariate analysis in all patients. When using a classification for HFnEF that did not employ N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as a diagnostic criterion, the diagnostic properties of GDF-15 for detecting HFnEF tended to be superior to those of NT-proBNP, and a combination significantly improved diagnostic accuracy.
CONCLUSION: Growth differentiation factor 15 is elevated in HFnEF to a similar degree as in HFrEF. It is independently associated with impairment in exercise capacity and in physical components of quality of life. Diagnostic precision of GDF-15 is at least as good as that of NT-proBNP and combining both markers improves diagnostic accuracy.
Raoul Stahrenberg; Frank Edelmann; Meinhard Mende; Anke Kockskämper; Hans-Dirk Düngen; Claus Lüers; Lutz Binder; Christoph Herrmann-Lingen; Götz Gelbrich; Gerd Hasenfuss; Burkert Pieske; Rolf Wachter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of heart failure     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1879-0844     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Heart Fail.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  2011-06-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100887595     Medline TA:  Eur J Heart Fail     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1309-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, University of Goettingen, 37075 Goettingen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Biological Markers
Case-Control Studies
Exercise Test
Exercise Tolerance
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Growth Differentiation Factor 15 / blood*
Health Status Indicators
Heart Failure, Systolic / pathology*,  ultrasonography
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
ROC Curve
Statistics as Topic
Statistics, Nonparametric
Stroke Volume*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Growth Differentiation Factor 15

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