Document Detail


A note on the effect of the full moon on the activity of wild maned wolves, Chrysocyon brachyurus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16814488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is well established in the scientific literature that animal prey species reduce their activity at times of high predation risk. In the case of nocturnal animals this occurs when there is a full moon; however, the response of predators to the changes in their prey behaviour is relatively unknown. Two responses are possible: (1) increase in search effort to maintain food intake; or (2) decrease in distance travelled due to either: (a) an effort to conserve energy or (b) increased kill efficiency. Using GPS tracking collars we monitored the distances travelled (which is representative of search effort) by three maned wolves during the night of the full and new moon for five lunar cycles (during the dry season). A Wilcoxon matched-paired test showed that the maned wolves travelled significantly less during the full compared to the new moon (p < 0.05). On average, during the 10 h of darkness during a full moon maned wolves travelled 1.88 km less than on a new moon. These data suggest that maned wolves respond to temporally reduced prey availability by reducing their distance travelled.
Authors:
Marco Aurélio Lima Sábato; Luiz Fernando Bandeira de Melo; Elisa M Vaz Magni; Robert John Young; Carlyle Mendes Coelho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-06-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural processes     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0376-6357     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Processes     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-28     Completed Date:  2006-10-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703854     Medline TA:  Behav Processes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  228-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Fundação Zoo-Botânica, Av. Otacílio Negrão de Lima, 8000 Pampulha 31365-450, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Canidae / physiology*
Humans
Light
Male
Matched-Pair Analysis
Moon*
Motor Activity / physiology*
Predatory Behavior*
Seasons

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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