Document Detail

A nonsurgical approach to the management of patients with lumbar radiculopathy secondary to herniated disk: a prospective observational cohort study with follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20004799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This study presents the outcomes of patients with lumbar radiculopathy secondary to disk herniation treated after a diagnosis-based clinical decision rule. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted at a multidisciplinary, integrated clinic that includes chiropractic and physical therapy health care services. Data on 49 consecutive patients were collected at baseline, at the end of conservative, nonsurgical treatment and a mean of 14.5 months after cessation of treatment. Disability was measured using the Bournemouth Disability Questionnaire (BDQ) and pain using the Numerical Rating Scale for pain. Fear beliefs were measured with the Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ). Patients also self-rated improvement. RESULTS: Mean duration of complaint was 60.5 weeks. Mean self-rated improvement at the end of treatment was 77.5%. Improvement was described as "good" or "excellent" in nearly 90% of patients. Mean percentage improvement on the BDQ was 60.4%. Numerical Rating Scale improved 4.1 points and FABQ improved 4.8 points. Clinically meaningful improvements in pain and disability were seen in 79% and 70% of patients, respectively. Mean number of visits was 13.2. After an average long-term follow-up of 14.5 months, mean self-rated improvement was 81.1%. "Good" or "excellent" improvement was reported by 80% of patients. Mean percentage improvement in BDQ was 67.4%. Numerical Rating Scale improved 4.2 points and FABQ 4.5 points. Clinically meaningful improvements in pain and disability were seen in 79% and 73% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Management based on the decision rule yielded favorable outcomes in this cohort study. Improvement appeared to be maintained over the long term.
Donald R Murphy; Eric L Hurwitz; Ericka E McGovern
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1532-6586     ISO Abbreviation:  J Manipulative Physiol Ther     Publication Date:    2009 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-16     Completed Date:  2010-03-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807107     Medline TA:  J Manipulative Physiol Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  723-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Rhode Island Spine Center, Pawtucket, RI 02860, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Chiropractic / methods*
Cohort Studies
Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / methods
Follow-Up Studies
Intervertebral Disk Displacement / complications*
Lumbar Vertebrae / pathology*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Radiculopathy* / etiology,  pathology,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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