Document Detail

The nonequivalence of behavioral and mathematical equivalence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1573374     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sidman and his colleagues derived behavioral tests for stimulus equivalence from the axiom in logic and mathematics that defines a relation of equivalence. The analogy has generated abundant research in which match-to-sample methods have been used almost exclusively to study interesting and complex stimulus control phenomena. It has also stimulated considerable discussion regarding interpretation of the analogy and speculation as to its validity and generality. This article reexamines the Sidman stimulus equivalence analogy in the context of a broader consideration of the mathematical axiom than was included in the original presentation of the analogy and some of the data that have accumulated in the interim. We propose that (a) mathematical and behavioral examples of equivalence relations differ substantially, (b) terminology is being used in ways that can lead to erroneous conclusions about the nature of the stimulus control that develops in stimulus equivalence experiments, and (c) complete analyses of equivalence and other types of stimulus-stimulus relations require more than a simple invocation of the analogy. Implications of our analysis for resolving current issues and prompting new research are discussed.
R R Saunders; G Green
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  1992 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-06-04     Completed Date:  1992-06-04     Revised Date:  2010-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  227-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Parsons Research Center, University of Kansas.
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MeSH Terms
Conditioning (Psychology)*
Discrimination Learning*
Models, Statistical
Models, Theoretical*
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Grant Support

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