Document Detail

A non-surgical uterine lavage technique in large cats intended for treatment of uterine infection-induced infertility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16530816     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This paper presents the successful use of a non-surgical, transcervical uterine lavage technique for the treatment of uterine infection-induced infertility in three female large cats. We developed a non-surgical uterine lavage technique, which allowed repeated flushing of the uterine lumen and installation of therapeutic antibiotics. The entire procedure was performed under general anaesthesia (duration of anesthesia ranged from 40 to 70 min). It was successfully applied in a Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), a Corbett tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) and an Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis). The tigers were treated only once, whereas the leopard received four uterine treatments, due to re-infection after mating. Decisions to conduct uterine treatments were based on detection of uterine fluid during previous transrectal ultrasound examinations. The catheter was guided into the vagina, with the aid of an endoscope, passing the urethra, and then into the uterus, with the aid of transrectal ultrasonography. Both uterine horns were separately flushed with approximately 300 mL of cell medium M199, followed by an antibiotic infusion. Upon ultrasonographic re-examination, the topical uterine treatments resulted in an apparent decline in the inflammatory and/or degenerative processes. The Corbett tiger had the most severe uterine alterations, in addition to an aseptic pyometra. As a result, she was treated 1 month prior to ovariohysterectomy (in order to reduce the surgical risk). The Sumatran tiger was artificially inseminated twice after hormone-induced estrus, and the Amur leopard expressed a spontaneous estrus and re-initiated mating behaviour.
T B Hildebrandt; F Göritz; W Boardman; T Strike; G Strauss; K Jewgenow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-03-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-18     Completed Date:  2006-11-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1783-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, PF 601103, D-10252 Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Infertility, Female / microbiology,  therapy*,  veterinary*
Irrigation / veterinary*
Panthera / microbiology*
Uterine Diseases / microbiology,  therapy*,  veterinary*

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