Document Detail

A non-DM1, non-DM2 multisystem myotonic disorder with frontotemporal dementia: phenotype and suggestive mapping of the DM3 locus to chromosome 15q21-24.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15215218     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The majority of proximal myotonic myopathy syndromes reported so far have been related to the myotonic dystrophy (DM) type 2 (DM2) mutation, an expanded (CCTG)n repeat in the ZNF9 gene. Here, we describe the phenotype and the histological features in muscle and brain of the first large pedigree with a non-myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) non-DM2 multisystem myotonic disorder associated with severe frontotemporal dementia. Thirty individuals from three generations underwent detailed neurological, neuropsychological, electrophysiological, brain imaging and molecular analyses. Ten of them had proximal muscle weakness at onset, clinical/electrical myotonia and DM-type cataracts. The mean age at onset was 46.7 +/- 12.6 years (range: 32-69). Dementia was observed later in the course of the disease. On muscle biopsies, rare nuclear clumps, rimmed vacuoles and small angulated type 1 and type 2 fibres were seen early in the disease. They were replaced by fibrous adipose tissue at later stages. Immunohistochemical analysis of myosin heavy chain isoforms showed no selective fibre type atrophy-both type 1 and type 2 fibres being affected. Cortical atrophy without white matter lesions was seen on brain MRI. A brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) study revealed marked frontotemporal hypoperfusion. Post-mortem examination of the brains of two patients showing prominent frontotemporal spongiosis, neuronal loss and rare neuronal and glial tau inclusions suggested frontotemporal dementia. Western blot analyses of the tau protein showed a triplet of isoforms (60, 64 and 69 kDa) in neocortical areas, and a doublet (64 and 69 kDa) in subcortical areas that distinguish our myotonic disorder from other's myotonic dystrophies. Molecular analyses failed to detect a repeat expansion in the DMPK and ZNF9 genes excluding both DM1 and DM2, whereas a genome-wide linkage analysis strongly suggested a linkage to chromosome 15q21-24. This previously unreported multisystem myotonic disorder including findings resembling DM1, DM2 and frontotemporal dementia provides further evidence of the clinical and genetic heterogeneity of the myotonic dystrophies. We propose to designate this disease myotonic dystrophy type 3, DM3.
Isabelle Le Ber; Maria Martinez; Dominique Campion; Annie Laquerrière; Christine Bétard; Guillaume Bassez; Carol Girard; Pascale Saugier-Veber; Gregory Raux; Nicolas Sergeant; Patrick Magnier; Thierry Maisonobe; Bruno Eymard; Charles Duyckaerts; André Delacourte; Thierry Frebourg; Didier Hannequin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2004-06-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain : a journal of neurology     Volume:  127     ISSN:  1460-2156     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-23     Completed Date:  2004-10-15     Revised Date:  2008-05-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372537     Medline TA:  Brain     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1979-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Département de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire Charles Nicolle, Rouen, France.
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MeSH Terms
Age of Onset
Chromosome Mapping / methods
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 / genetics*
Dementia / complications,  genetics*,  pathology
Linkage (Genetics) / genetics
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Middle Aged
Muscle Weakness / etiology,  genetics,  pathology
Muscle, Skeletal / pathology
Myosin Heavy Chains / analysis
Myotonic Disorders / complications,  genetics*,  pathology
RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
Sex Ratio
tau Proteins / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/CNBP protein, human; 0/Myosin Heavy Chains; 0/RNA-Binding Proteins; 0/tau Proteins

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