Document Detail

The effects of nitric oxide-oxidase and putative glutathione-peroxidase activities of ceruloplasmin on the viability of cardiomyocytes exposed to hydrogen peroxide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20923703     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Ceruloplasmin (CP), a ferroxidase (EC and a scavenger of reactive oxygen species, is an important extracellular antioxidant. Bovine CP indeed protects the isolated heart under ischemia-reperfusion conditions. Human CP has been shown to also exhibit, in vitro, glutathione (GSH)-peroxidase and nitric oxide (NO)-oxidase/S-nitrosating activities. This work tested, using bovine CP, the hypothesis that both activities could provide cytoprotection during oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), the former activity by consuming H(2)O(2) and the latter by shielding thiols from irreversible oxidation. In acellular assays, bovine CP stimulated the generation of the nitrosating NO(+) species from the NO donors propylaminepropylamine-NONOate (PAPA/NO), S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine, and S-nitrosoglutathione. This NO-oxidase activity S-nitrosated GSH as well as CP itself and was not affected by H(2)O(2). In contrast to human CP, bovine CP consumed H(2)O(2) in an additive rather than synergistic manner in the presence of GSH. A nonenzymatic scavenging of H(2)O(2) could have masked the GSH-peroxidase activity. Cytoprotection was evaluated using neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. CP and PAPA/NO were not protective against the H(2)O(2)-induced loss of viability. In contrast, GSH provided a slight protection that increased more than additively in the presence of CP. This increase was canceled by PAPA/NO. CP's putative GSH-peroxidase activity can thus provide cytoprotection but is possibly affected by the S-nitrosation of a catalytically important cysteine residue.
Mylène Paradis; Josianne Gagné; Mircea-Alexandru Mateescu; Joanne Paquin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Free radical biology & medicine     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1873-4596     ISO Abbreviation:  Free Radic. Biol. Med.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709159     Medline TA:  Free Radic Biol Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2019-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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