Document Detail


A new thermoplastic splint for proximal interphalangeal joint flexion contractures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10573669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Aim of this technical note is to describe the fabrication procedure of a new thermoplastic static-progressive hand-based splint for PIP joint flexion contractures, and report its effects in the treatment of a small group of sportsmen. METHODS: The serial-static splint consists of a short metacarpal gauntlet base, with a hole for the thumb and a dorsal finger gutter that extends to the distal extremity. A low-temperature thermoplastic material, two loop fastener straps, three small pieces of self-adhesive hook fastener and cooling spray are required. The orthosis has been tested on four professional volleyball players (3 females and 1 male), aged 18-24 years, suffering from PIP joint flexion contractures after traumatic hand injuries occurred 2 to 3 months before. Patients wore the splint for 1 hour followed by 1 hour of rest (6 times per day), for 2 to 3 weeks. During the resting periods patients performed a few sets of active ROM exercises at their PIP joint. RESULTS: This new splint design demonstrated to be effective in early recovery of complete PIP joint extension and subjects resumed soon their sports activity. CONCLUSIONS: Our device is easy to fabricate and to use and comfortable for patients.
Authors:
P G Benaglia; F Sartorio; F Franchignoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0022-4707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-09     Completed Date:  1999-12-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376337     Medline TA:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Service of Occupational Rehabilitation and Ergonomics, S. Maugert Foundation, IRCCS Rehabilitation Institute of Veruno, Novara, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Contracture / physiopathology,  therapy*
Equipment Design
Female
Finger Injuries / physiopathology,  therapy*
Humans
Male
Plastics
Range of Motion, Articular
Splints*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plastics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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