Document Detail

A new technique for suture rectopexy without resection for rectal prolapse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19288248     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: We surmised that if rectopexy was performed without dissection of the lateral rectal stalks in patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse and normal preoperative transit, sigmoid resection may not be required. This study evaluated a new approach to abdominal suture rectopexy for rectal prolapse. METHODS: A total of 81 patients (57 male, 24 female; median age 37 years, range 5-82 years) with rectal prolapse were assessed by clinical examination, anal manometry (maximum resting pressure, MRP, and squeeze pressure, MSP) and radioopaque marker transit studies. Of the 81 patients, 70 with normal preoperative transit underwent suture fixation alone, without resection, performed under spinal anaesthesia, through a 7-cm transverse left lower quadrant incision gaining access to the presacral space via a left pararectal "window", preserving the lateral stalks. RESULTS: Average surgical time was 50 min, mortality was zero, and morbidity was 9% (three patients with wound infection, four with urinary retention). Anal incontinence improved in 43 of 53 patients (81%, p=0.001). MRP and MSP had improved at 3 months after surgery: MRP from a mean of 27.6+/-1.4 mmHg (range 2-30 mmHg) before surgery to 32.5+/-2.21 mmHg (2-60 mmHg) after surgery (p=0.008); MSP from 69.25+/-6.4 mmHg (8-153 mmHg) before surgery to 79+/-4.77 mmHg (35-157 mmHg) after surgery (p=0.001).. Transit was unchanged in 18 of 20 patients (90%) who were evaluated before and after surgery; none was constipated after surgery. At 56 months, prolapse had recurred in five patients (7%). CONCLUSION: Abdominal suture rectopexy with a left pararectal approach without sigmoid resection in those with normal preoperative transit resulted in an improvement in anal incontinence and satisfactory long-term control of prolapse. The operation did not alter transit and did not result in significant constipation.
C A H Liyanage; G Rathnayake; K I Deen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2009-03-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Techniques in coloproctology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1128-045X     ISO Abbreviation:  Tech Coloproctol     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-21     Completed Date:  2009-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9613614     Medline TA:  Tech Coloproctol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  27-31; discussion 32-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Surgery, University of Kelaniya Medical School, Ragama, Sri Lanka.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Child, Preschool
Equipment Design
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Patient Satisfaction
Rectal Prolapse / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Rectum / physiopathology,  surgery*
Retrospective Studies
Suture Techniques / instrumentation*
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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