Document Detail


A new technique applying botulinum toxin in narrow and wide foreheads.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16151661     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The use of botulinum toxin is becoming increasingly popular, and application details are being examined in an effort to achieve more satisfactory results with fewer side effects. In the forehead area, the main considerations are the effacement of forehead wrinkles to a desirable extent and the prevention of complications such as ptosis of the eyebrow and upper eyelid. The frontalis muscle necessitates chemodenervation by botulinum toxin at multiple points for the desired effect. The dimensions of foreheads, and thus the frontalis muscle, differ from patient to patient. The effectiveness and side effects change according to whether the forehead is narrow or a wide. Therefore, no single application technique is best for all patients. For this study, the glabella-hairline distance was measured in 90 healthy adults. Patients with a vertical forehead length exceeding 70 mm were regarded as having a wide forehead, and the botulinum toxin was applied in three vertical lines in two split doses. On the other hand, individuals with a vertical forehead length of less than 60 mm were regarded as having a narrow forehead, and the toxin was applied in two split doses in three horizontal lines. The authors have found that in cases of wide or narrow foreheads, the effectiveness of the toxin increased, whereas the side effects such as brow asymmetry and ptosis were not encountered. Thus, they recommend the use of this technique for patients with wide or narrow foreheads.
Authors:
Zafer Ozsoy; Bulent Genc; Aydýn Gözü
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aesthetic plastic surgery     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0364-216X     ISO Abbreviation:  Aesthetic Plast Surg     Publication Date:    2005 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-24     Completed Date:  2006-02-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7701756     Medline TA:  Aesthetic Plast Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
drzaferozsoy@yahoo.com
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Botulinum Toxin Type A / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Face / physiology*
Facial Muscles / drug effects
Female
Forehead / anatomy & histology*
Humans
Injections, Subcutaneous
Male
Middle Aged
Neuromuscular Agents / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Rejuvenation / physiology*
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Botulinum Toxin Type A; 0/Neuromuscular Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Long-term results of suture suspension platysmaplasty for neck rejuvenation: a 13-year follow-up eva...
Next Document:  Anatomic and physiologic advantages of totally subfascial breast implants.