Document Detail

A new, small-color-difference equation for dental shades.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2229615     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Traditionally, dental-shade-guide standards are designated in terms of Munsell hue (H), value (V), and chroma (C). However, delta E color differences proposed as ADA tolerances for shade guides are in the CIE L*a*b* system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new color-difference equation, delta EM = C delta H/5 + 7 delta V + 4 delta C for estimation of small color differences by Munsell parameters. The published values of the Bioform shade-guide tooth colors determined with a Beckman spectrophotometer were used. Color differences among 276 combinations of the 24 Bioform shade-guide colors were calculated with Eq. 1, with use of the Munsell notation, and also with the CIE L*a*b* equation for delta E. An estimate of the accuracy of Eq. 1 was 0.41 delta E units when delta E CIE was below 4.0. The Vita shade-guide colors were determined with a Beckman spectrophotometer. This data set contained 16 samples, and 120 combinations were used for calculation of color difference. An estimate of the accuracy for this set of data was 0.35 delta E units when delta E CIE was less than 4.0. The new color-difference equation provides a means for estimation of delta E CIE L*a*b* color difference between dental shades with Munsell notation. This equation will be useful for estimation of small delta E CIE L*a*b* values for shade-guide teeth that are designated in terms of Munsell notation.
W J O'Brien; C L Groh; K M Boenke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dental research     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0022-0345     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dent. Res.     Publication Date:  1990 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-21     Completed Date:  1990-12-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0354343     Medline TA:  J Dent Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1762-4     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-1078.
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MeSH Terms
Color / standards*
Dental Porcelain / standards*
Denture Design / standards*
Reference Standards
Regression Analysis
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
12001-21-7/Dental Porcelain

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