Document Detail


A new nonpharmacological method in fibromyalgia: the use of wool.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19388862     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the effect of wool use in patients with fibromyalgia. BACKGROUND: Various studies concerning the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia using nonpharmacological methods have been carried out. There are, however, no reports on the use of wool clothing and bedding in treating these patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study employed two-group, experimental design. A total of 50 patients with fibromyalgia, based on the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology, were selected for the study. They were distributed equally into two groups: a control group and a treatment group. The 25 patients in each group were randomly selected and the compositions of the two groups were statistically identical. The patients in the treatment group wore woolen underwear (which covered the body from the shoulders to the thighs) and used woolen bedding such as woolen bed liner, woolen quilt and pillow during the experimental period of 6 weeks. All patients were assessed at the beginning the trial (pre-test) and the end of 6th (post-test) week. Data were collected using the visual analogue scale (0-10), tender points count, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. RESULTS: Patients in the treatment group reported significant improvements in their conditions including a reduction in pain levels, tender point counts, and all scores of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (p <or= 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The use of woolen underwear and woolen bedding were effective in reducing the symptoms of patients suffering from fibromyalgia. The use of wool is recommended as a means of treatment for alleviating the pain of fibromyalgia. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Nurses provide professional support to patients with fibromyalgia. They select suitable clothes and sleeping materials for their patients with this object in mind: to keep their patients warm and to protect them from the cold.
Authors:
Emine Kara Kiyak
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1557-7708     ISO Abbreviation:  J Altern Complement Med     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-24     Completed Date:  2009-07-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508124     Medline TA:  J Altern Complement Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  399-405     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Atatürk University, School of Nursing, Erzurum, Turkey. frtemine@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Bedding and Linens*
Clothing*
Complementary Therapies*
Female
Fibromyalgia / nursing,  therapy*
Humans
Male
Pain / therapy
Turkey
Wool*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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