Document Detail


A new methodology to calculate the environmental protection index (Ep). A case study applied to a company producing composite materials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15531386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Environmental indicators can be used as a first stage in progress towards comprehensive environmental impact measures [J. Environ. Manage 65/3 (2002) 285]. In this article, we develop a 'pollutant interaction matrix method' that allows calculation of a global environmental protection index (Ep) in order to verify the eco-compatibility of an industrial activity. Two methods are proposed for the Ep index evaluation (which represents the numerical measure of the environmental sustainability): the Direct Method (Epd) and the Weighted Method (Epw). Both methods need to define, in the whole industrial process, homogeneous sectors (defined as construction sites where activities of the same type are carried out). Furthermore, for each activity a set of parameters (t, duration of pollution effect, P, quantity of pollutant produced,G, hazard of the pollutant) are required to evaluate the relative pollution index Y. All indices calculations were carried out using a set of matrices. The correct use of Ep evaluation provides an improvement in the total environmental performance of companies because it points out possible critical operations in each homogeneous sector which require solutions. The methodology is applied to evaluate the environmental pollution risk of a company that produces polymer materials and to improve their environmental performance. The results obtained show that the whole productive process has a low environmental impact factor. Nevertheless the applied methodology puts in evidence some processes that generate local pollution in specific areas of the factory and which could be dangerous for the workers' health.
Authors:
G Siracusa; A D La Rosa; S E Sterlini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental management     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0301-4797     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Environ. Manage.     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-08     Completed Date:  2005-02-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401664     Medline TA:  J Environ Manage     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  275-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Metodologie Fisiche e Chimiche per l'Ingegneria, Facoltà di Ingegneria, Università di Catania, Cittadella Universitaria ed.10, v.le A.Doria n. 6, 95125 Catania, Italy. gsiracusa@dmfci.unict.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Certification
Chemical Industry
Conservation of Natural Resources
Environmental Pollutants / analysis*,  poisoning*
Forecasting
Models, Theoretical*
Polymers
Risk Assessment
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Polymers

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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