Document Detail


A new method for isolation of salivary neutrophils and determination of their functional activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2576658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purposes of this study were to develop a new method for isolating salivary neutrophils (SPMNs), and to determine their functional activity. Studies of neutrophils in the oral cavity have been largely limited to crevicular PMNs, because of difficulties in obtaining viable SPMNs free of epithelial cells. A method to obtain SPMNs is presented. Donors performed rapid sequential rinsings by placing in their mouths 15 mL of Hanks' balanced salt solution [free of calcium or magnesium ions (HBSS-CMF)], which contained 0.1% gelatin, then swishing the solution for 30 s, and expectorating into a polypropylene receptacle containing 400 mL 4 degrees C HBSS-CMF. This sequence was repeated for 20 min. The collected solution was stirred for 10 min, the cells were washed, and the re-suspended pellet was passed sequentially through a 20-microns and a 10-microns nylon mesh. The cells consisted of 97.7 +/- 1.7% SPMNs, only 2.3% epithelial cells, and were almost free of oral debris. The SPMNs were studied for CD11b expression, H2O2 production, and F-actin polymerization. SPMNs had significantly higher resting values for CD11b, H2O2 production, and F-actin polymerization compared with blood neutrophils (BPMNs). SPMNs responded to stimulation by chemotactic peptide or phorbol ester in a dose-dependent fashion, with levels of CD11b, H2O2, and F-actin comparable with BPMNs at optimal stimulant concentrations. The elevated resting levels of CD11b, H2O2, and F-actin for SPMNs were probably caused by exposure to gingival and oral bacteria.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
M Ashkenazi; D K Dennison
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dental research     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0022-0345     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dent. Res.     Publication Date:  1989 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-05-11     Completed Date:  1990-05-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0354343     Medline TA:  J Dent Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1256-61     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Periodontics, University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston 77025.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Actins / analysis*,  biosynthesis
Adult
Antigens, CD / analysis*,  metabolism
Antigens, CD18
Antigens, Differentiation / analysis*,  metabolism
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Cell Separation / methods*
Flow Cytometry
Humans
Hydrogen Peroxide / analysis*,  metabolism
Macrophage-1 Antigen
Neutrophils / cytology*,  immunology,  metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Receptors, Leukocyte-Adhesion / analysis*,  metabolism
Saliva / cytology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DE-7502/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Actins; 0/Antigens, CD; 0/Antigens, CD18; 0/Antigens, Differentiation; 0/Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0/Macrophage-1 Antigen; 0/Receptors, Leukocyte-Adhesion; 7722-84-1/Hydrogen Peroxide

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