Document Detail

The new biology of estrogen-induced apoptosis applied to treat and prevent breast cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25339261     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The successful use of high dose synthetic estrogens to treat post-menopausal metastatic breast cancer, is the first effective 'chemical therapy' proven in clinical trial to treat any cancer. This review documents the clinical use of estrogen for breast cancer treatment or estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) for postmenopausal hysterectomized women which can either result in breast cancer cell growth or breast cancer regression. This has remained a paradox since the 1950s until the discovery of the new biology of estrogen induced apoptosis at the end of the 20th century. The key to triggering apoptosis with estrogen is the selection of breast cancer cell populations that are resistant to long term estrogen deprivation. However, through trial and error estrogen independent growth occurs. At the cellular level, estrogen induced apoptosis is dependent upon the presence of the estrogen receptor (ER) which can be blocked by non-steroidal or steroidal anti-estrogens. The shape of an estrogenic ligand programs the conformation of the ER complex which in turn can modulate estrogen induced apoptosis: class I planar estrogens (e.g. estradiol) trigger apoptosis after 24 hours whereas class II angular estrogens (e.g. bisphenol triphenylethylene) delay the process until after 72 hours.
V Craig Jordan
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrine-related cancer     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1479-6821     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocr. Relat. Cancer     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9436481     Medline TA:  Endocr Relat Cancer     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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