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A new baseline scoring system may help to predict response to cardiac resynchronization therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22291798     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The PROSPECT trial reported no single echocardiographic measurement of dyssynchrony is recommended to improve patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 100 consecutive patients who received CRT, we analyzed 27 ECG and echocardiographic variables to predict a positive response to CRT defined as a left ventricular (LV) end systolic volume decrease of ≥ 15% after CRT.
RESULTS: Right ventricular (RV) pacing-induced left bundle branch block (LBBB), time difference between LV ejection measured by tissue Doppler and pulsed wave Doppler (T(TDI-PW)), and wall motion score index (WMSI) were significantly associated with positive CRT response by multivariate regression. We assigned 1 point for RV pacing-induced LBBB, 1 point for WMSI ≤ 1.59, and 2 points for T(TDI-PW) > 50 ms. Overall mean response score was 1.79 ±1.39. Cutoff point for response score to predict positive response to CRT was > 2 by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Area under ROC curve was 0.97 (p = 0.0001). Cardiac resynchronization therapy responders in patients with response score > 2 and ≤ 2 were 36/38 (95%) and 7/62 (11%, p < 0.001), respectively. After age and gender adjustment, the response score was related to CRT response (OR = 45.4, p < 0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: A response score generated from clinical, ECG and echocardiographic variables may be a useful predictor for CRT response. However, this needs to be validated.
Xuedong Shen; Chandra K Nair; Wilbert S Aronow; Mak J Holmberg; Madhu Reddy; Kishley Anand; Tom Hee; Aimin Chen; Xiang Fang; Stephanie Maciejewski; Dennis J Esterbrooks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-09-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of medical science : AMS     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1896-9151     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Med Sci     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-31     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101258257     Medline TA:  Arch Med Sci     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  627-33     Citation Subset:  -    
Cardiac Center of Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.
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