Document Detail

A new approach on the gastric absorption of anthocyanins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22391951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The bioavailability of anthocyanins is the most difficult one to assess amongst all flavonoid compounds as a result of their occurrence under different structures in equilibrium depending on pH. Due to their rapid appearance in plasma, the absorption of anthocyanins is likely to occur at the gastric level. Further investigations of the mechanisms by which anthocyanins are absorbed are limited by the lack of testable gastric epithelial cell models that form functional barriers. The methods available to evaluate the absorption of drugs at the gastric level make use of isolated gastric epithelial cells, which is both time and labour consuming. In the present study, a biologically relevant in vitro model of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma stomach cells (MKN-28) was used as gastric barrier. The transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) of MKN-28 cell monolayers was evaluated at pH values that cover the physiologic range of the stomach, ensuring the integrity of the cell monolayer . The immunofluorescence assay attested the localization of occludins at the cellular margins, which is associated with a non-disrupted membrane. Anthocyanins were found to cross MKN-28 cells in a time dependent manner and probably via a saturable transport mechanism.
Iva Fernandes; Victor de Freitas; Celso Reis; Nuno Mateus
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food & function     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2042-650X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101549033     Medline TA:  Food Funct     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Chemistry Investigation Centre (CIQ), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal.
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