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The neuroanatomy of psychotic diathesis: A meta-analytic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22790253     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found widespread structural changes affecting the grey matter at various stages of schizophrenia (the prodrome, first-episode, and the chronic stage). It is unclear which of these neuroanatomical changes are associated with a predisposition or vulnerability to develop schizophrenia rather than the appearance of the clinical features of the illness. METHODS: 16 voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analyses involving 733 genetically high-risk relatives (HRR) of patients with schizophrenia, 563 healthy controls and 474 patients were meta-analysed using the Signed Differential Mapping (SDM) technique. Two meta-analyses were conducted, with one comparing HRR group with healthy controls and the other comparing HRR group with the patients. RESULTS: A significant grey matter reduction in the lentiform nucleus, amygdala/parahippocampal gyrus and medial prefrontal cortex was seen in association with the genetic diathesis. Grey matter reduction in bilateral insula, inferior frontal gyrus, superior temporal gyrus and the anterior cingulate was seen in association with the disease expression. CONCLUSIONS: The neuroanatomical changes associated with the genetic diathesis to develop schizophrenia appear to be different from those that contribute to the clinical expression of the illness. Grey matter abnormalities in multimodal brain regions that have a supervisory function are likely to be central to the expression of the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia.
Authors:
Lena Palaniyappan; Vijender Balain; Peter F Liddle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychiatric research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1379     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376331     Medline TA:  J Psychiatr Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Psychiatry, University of Nottingham, A Floor, South Block, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, United Kingdom.
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