Document Detail


A negative finding in an exercise test is reliable among elderly people: a follow-up study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17192713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is very common among elderly people. OBJECTIVE: To specify the diagnostic value of bicycle exercise tests conducted for elderly patients by trained general practitioners in primary health care. METHODS: We performed a 2-year follow-up study at the Kangasala Health Centre, Finland. The study population comprised all patients at least 60 years old (n = 311) suspected of having CHD without prior diagnosis who were examined by an exercise test carried out by trained general practitioners during a period of 3 years. Specificity and sensitivity as well as positive and negative predictive values of the tests were calculated based on whether or not the participants had a diagnosis of CHD by the end of the follow-up period. The numbers of patients referred for coronary angiography and bypass operation were registered. For analysis, the patients were divided into two age categories: 60-69 years and >or=70 years. RESULTS: A negative finding in the test proved very reliable: CHD manifested in only 3% of these cases in both age groups. The specificity of the test was 72% in the group 60-69 years and 66% in the group >or=70 years; the sensitivity values were 81 and 67%, respectively. The positive predictive values were 26 and 12%, the negative predictive value was 97% in both age groups. 1 in 4 patients yielding a positive finding eventually underwent coronary angiography and 1 in 6 patients coronary bypass surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise tests may predict the clinical outcome of CHD among elderly patients. A negative finding in an exercise test is very reliable.
Authors:
Markku Sumanen; Kari Mattila
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gerontology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0304-324X     ISO Abbreviation:  Gerontology     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-18     Completed Date:  2007-06-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7601655     Medline TA:  Gerontology     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  159-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Kangasala Health Centre, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland. markku.sumanen@kolumbus.fi
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
Exercise Test*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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