Document Detail

A national survey of neonatal intensive-care units: criteria used to determine readiness for oral feedings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7853084     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To describe criteria used to determine readiness for oral feedings in stable, preterm infants. DESIGN: A 25-item survey questionnaire was mailed to hospitals having level II or level III NICUs. SETTING: Nurseries identified in the 1987 National Perinatal Directory (576 in all) as level II or level III NICUs. PARTICIPANTS: Head nurses (HN) and staff nurses (SN) at 420 hospitals comprised 73% of the sample surveyed. PROCEDURES: Survey items were predominantly multiple choice and included an "other" option to encourage comments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Respondents described clinical practice in their nurseries relative to feeding policies, use of traditional decision criteria, or behavioral cues and related interventions. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Fewer than 50% of nurseries identified a specific feeding policy for the initiation of oral feedings. Seventy-five percent used either gestational age or weight criteria in deciding when to start oral feedings. Eighty-six percent considered infant behavior as well when determining feeding readiness. Findings suggest an emerging emphasis on infant behavioral cues in addition to gestational age and weight criteria when making feeding decisions.
E P Siddell; R D Froman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1994 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-16     Completed Date:  1995-03-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  783-9     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
University of Texas, Austin.
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MeSH Terms
Clinical Protocols
Data Collection
Enteral Nutrition / nursing*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Intensive Care, Neonatal / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
Nursing Assessment / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
Physician's Practice Patterns / statistics & numerical data
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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