Document Detail

A nanocomposite ultraviolet photodetector based on interfacial trap-controlled charge injection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23142945     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Ultraviolet photodetectors have applications in fields such as medicine, communications and defence, and are typically made from single-crystalline silicon, silicon carbide or gallium nitride p-n junction photodiodes. However, such inorganic photodetectors are unsuitable for certain applications because of their high cost and low responsivity (<0.2 A W(-1)). Solution-processed photodetectors based on organic materials and/or nanomaterials could be significantly cheaper to manufacture, but their performance so far has been limited. Here, we show that a solution-processed ultraviolet photodetector with a nanocomposite active layer composed of ZnO nanoparticles blended with semiconducting polymers can significantly outperform inorganic photodetectors. As a result of interfacial trap-controlled charge injection, the photodetector transitions from a photodiode with a rectifying Schottky contact in the dark, to a photoconductor with an ohmic contact under illumination, and therefore combines the low dark current of a photodiode and the high responsivity of a photoconductor (∼721-1,001 A W(-1)). Under a bias of <10 V, our device provides a detectivity of 3.4 × 10(15) Jones at 360 nm at room temperature, which is two to three orders of magnitude higher than that of existing inorganic semiconductor ultraviolet photodetectors.
Fawen Guo; Bin Yang; Yongbo Yuan; Zhengguo Xiao; Qingfeng Dong; Yu Bi; Jinsong Huang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature nanotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1748-3395     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat Nanotechnol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101283273     Medline TA:  Nat Nanotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588, USA.
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