Document Detail


A multicenter study on accuracy and complications of freehand placement of cervical pedicle screws under lateral fluoroscopy in different pathological conditions: CT-based evaluation of more than 1,000 screws.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25047653     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To conduct a retrospective multicenter study to investigate the accuracy of pedicle screw (PS) placement in the cervical spine by freehand technique and the related complications in various pathological conditions including trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative conditions and others.
METHODS: 283 patients with 1,065 PSs in the cervical spine who were treated at eight spine centers and finished postoperative CT scan were enrolled. The numbers of placed PSs were 608 for trauma, 180 for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 199 for spondylosis, and 78 for others. Malposition grades on CT image in the axial plane were defined as grade 0 (G-0) correct placement, grade 1 (G-1): malposition by less than half screw diameter, grade 2 (G-2): malposition by more than half screw diameter. The direction of malposition was classified into four categories: medial, lateral, superior and inferior.
RESULTS: Overall malposition rate was 14.8 % (9.6 % in G-1 and 5.3 % in G-2). The highest malposition rate was 26.7 % for RA, followed by 16.6 % for spondylosis, and 11.2 % for trauma. The malposition rate for RA was significantly higher than those for other pathologies. 79.7 % of the malpositioned screws were placed laterally. Though intraoperative vertebral artery injury was observed in two patients with RA, there were no serious complications during a minimal 2-year follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Malposition rate of PS placement in the cervical spine by freehand technique was high in rheumatoid patients even when being performed by experienced spine surgeons. Any guidance tools including navigation systems are recommended for placement of cervical PSs in patients with RA.
Authors:
Yoshihiro Hojo; Manabu Ito; Kota Suda; Itaru Oda; Hisashi Yoshimoto; Kuniyoshi Abumi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0932     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Spine J     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9301980     Medline TA:  Eur Spine J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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