Document Detail

A multi-locus phylogeny of Nectogalini shrews and influences of the paleoclimate on speciation and evolution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20363345     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nectogaline shrews are a major component of the small mammalian fauna of Europe and Asia, and are notable for their diverse ecology, including utilization of aquatic habitats. So far, molecular phylogenetic analyses including nectogaline species have been unable to infer a well-resolved, well-supported phylogeny, thus limiting the power of comparative evolutionary and ecological analyses of the group. Here, we employ Bayesian phylogenetic analyses of eight mitochondrial and three nuclear genes to infer the phylogenetic relationships of nectogaline shrews. We subsequently use this phylogeny to assess the genetic diversity within the genus Episoriculus, and determine whether adaptation to aquatic habitats evolved independently multiple times. Moreover, we both analyze the fossil record and employ Bayesian relaxed clock divergence dating analyses of DNA to assess the impact of historical global climate change on the biogeography of Nectogalini. We infer strong support for the polyphyly of the genus Episoriculus. We also find strong evidence that the ability to heavily utilize aquatic habitats evolved independently in both Neomys and Chimarrogale+Nectogale lineages. Our Bayesian molecular divergence analysis suggests that the early history of Nectogalini is characterized by a rapid radiation at the Miocene/Pliocene boundary, thus potentially explaining the lack of resolution at the base of the tree. Finally, we find evidence that nectogalines once inhabited northern latitudes, but the global cooling and desiccating events at the Miocene/Pliocene and Pliocene/Pleistocene boundaries and Pleistocene glaciation resulted in the migration of most Nectogalini lineages to their present day southern distribution.
Kai He; Ya-Jie Li; Matthew C Brandley; Liang-Kong Lin; Ying-Xiang Wang; Ya-Ping Zhang; Xue-Long Jiang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-04-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular phylogenetics and evolution     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1095-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Phylogenet. Evol.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-14     Completed Date:  2010-07-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304400     Medline TA:  Mol Phylogenet Evol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  734-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
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MeSH Terms
Bayes Theorem
Cell Nucleus / genetics
DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics
Evolution, Molecular*
Genetic Speciation*
Genetic Variation
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Shrews / classification,  genetics*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Mitochondrial

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