Document Detail

The movement of organic solutes between the retina and pigment epithelium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3491764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The transport of several membrane precursors across the bullfrog retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid was studied in a modified Ussing chamber. The substrates choline, ethanolamine, and glucose did not exhibit a net flux across the tissue, while all amino acids tested showed a net flux in the retina to choroid direction. The 'sink' for a particular amino acid, leucine, was measured in bullfrog retinas in vitro. Decarboxylation of leucine was the major fate of the incorporated amino acid, while much less was directed toward protein synthesis. The subretinal fluid concentration of leucine was estimated to be in the order of 10 microM, approximately eight-fold less than in plasma, and consistent with levels in cerebrospinal fluid. The sink for leucine in the retina at 10 microM leucine is smaller than the fluxes across the RPE-choroid under conditions of an eight-fold gradient. This suggests that the RPE, not the retina, is responsible for controlling the concentrations of solutes in the subretinal fluid.
P A Sellner
Related Documents :
3369304 - Protein and energy intake during weaning. iii. effects on plasma amino acids.
16742824 - Regulation of uptake of purines, pyrimidines and amino acids by candida utilis.
19263194 - Characterization of prolidase i and ii purified from normal human erythrocytes: compari...
3611924 - Stimulatory and inhibitory effects of amino acids on the development of hamster eight-c...
19911564 - Triterpenes from warszewiczia coccinea (rubiaceae) as inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase.
485004 - Blood levels of thiamine and ascorbic acid in chronic open-angle glaucoma.
Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental eye research     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0014-4835     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Eye Res.     Publication Date:  1986 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-02-11     Completed Date:  1987-02-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370707     Medline TA:  Exp Eye Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  631-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Biological Transport, Active
Choline / metabolism
Ethanolamines / metabolism
Eye Proteins / biosynthesis
Glucose / metabolism
Leucine / metabolism
Methionine / metabolism
Pigment Epithelium of Eye / metabolism*
Rana catesbeiana
Retina / metabolism*
Taurine / metabolism
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ethanolamines; 0/Eye Proteins; 107-35-7/Taurine; 141-43-5/Ethanolamine; 50-99-7/Glucose; 61-90-5/Leucine; 62-49-7/Choline; 63-68-3/Methionine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Diphenylhydantoin and phenobarbital suppress the dopaminergic neurotoxicity of MPTP in mice.
Next Document:  Influence of atmospheric factors on the rheumatic diseases.