Document Detail


The morbidity and mortality of pregnancy: still risky business.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8178896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Despite impressive gains in safety in recent decades, pregnancy remains risky business. From early in pregnancy until some weeks after its conclusion, pregnant women are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality compared with women who are not pregnant. This review summarizes recent national data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, including vital statistics from the National Center for Health Statistics. Ectopic pregnancy is substantially more dangerous (38 deaths/100,000 events) than either childbirth (nine) or legal abortion (less than one). The three leading causes of maternal death today are pregnancy-induced hypertension, hemorrhage, and pulmonary embolism. Although comprehensive data on pregnancy-related morbidity are lacking, about 22% of all pregnant women are hospitalized before delivery because of complications. Women of minority races have much higher risks of death than do white women, and the same holds true for older women and those with limited education. For most women, fertility regulation by contraception, sterilization, or legal abortion is substantially safer than childbirth.
Authors:
D A Grimes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  170     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1994 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-09     Completed Date:  1994-06-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1489-94     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Induced / mortality
Abortion, Spontaneous / mortality
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Marital Status
Maternal Mortality
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*,  mortality
Pregnancy, Ectopic / epidemiology
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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