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The modifying effect of selenium and vitamins A, C, and E on the genotoxicity induced by sunset yellow in male mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22342611     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The use of food additives in various products is growing up. It has attracted the attention towards the possible correlation between the mutagenic potential of food additives and various human diseases. This work evaluated the protective role of selenium and vitamins A, C and E (selenium ACE)(1) against the genotoxic effects induced by a synthetic food additive, sunset yellow, in mice. Six groups were studied including two control groups (negative and positive control), two groups are given single dose of sunset yellow (either 0.325, 0.65 or 1.3mg/kg body weight(2) alone or with selenium ACE) and two groups are given sunset yellow daily for 1, 2 or 3 weeks (0.325mg/kg b.wt./day alone or with selenium ACE), respectively. The study examined the induction of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE's)(3) in bone-marrow cells, chromosomal aberration in somatic (bone-marrow) and germ cells (spermatocytes) after single and repeated oral treatment, and the induction of morphological sperm abnormalities. The results showed that sunset yellow had genotoxic effects as indicated by increased frequency of SCE's, by chromosomal aberrations in both somatic and germ cells, and by increased morphological sperm abnormalities and DNA fragmentation. The results also indicated that the oral administration of selenium ACE significantly reduced the genotoxic effects of sunset yellow, a result that may support the use of antioxidants as chemopreventive agents in many applications.
Authors:
Hanaa M Sayed; Dalia Fouad; Farid S Ataya; Nagwa H A Hassan; Maha A Fahmy
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mutation research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0027-5107     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400763     Medline TA:  Mutat Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Preparatory Year Deanship, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Cytogenetics, Genetic Engineering Division, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt.
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