Document Detail


A model to predict optimal dialysate flow.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22458394     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diffusive clearance depends on blood (Qb) and dialysate flow (Qd) rates and the overall mass transfer area coefficient (KoA) of the dialyzer. In this article we describe a model to predict an appropriated AutoFlow (AF) factor (AF factor = Ratio Qd/Qb), that is able to provide adequate Kt/V for hemodialysis patients (HDP), while consuming lower amounts of dialysate, water and energy during the treatment. We studied in vivo the effects of three various Qd on the delivered dose of dialysis in 33 stable HDP. Hemodialysis was performed at Qd of 700 mL/mn, 500 mL/mn, and with AF, whereas specific dialysis prescriptions (treatment time, blood flow rate [Qb], and type and size of dialyzer) were kept constant. The results showed that increasing the dialysate flow rate more than the model of AF predicted had a small effect on the delivered dose of dialysis. The Kt/V (mean ± SD) was 1.52 ± 0.16 at Qd 700, 1.50 ± 0.16 at Qd 500, and 1.49 ± 0.15 with AF. The use of the AF function leads to a significant saving of dialysate fluid. The model predicts the appropriate AF factor that automatically adjusts the dialysate flow rate according to the effective blood flow rate of the patient to achieve an appreciable increase in dialysis dose at the lowest additional cost.
Authors:
Ahmed Alayoud; Mohammed Benyahia; Dina Montassir; Amine Hamzi; Yassir Zajjari; Abdelali Bahadi; Driss El Kabbaj; Omar Maoujoud; Taoufik Aatif; Kawtar Hassani; Zouhir Oualim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-02-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis : official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1744-9987     ISO Abbreviation:  Ther Apher Dial     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181252     Medline TA:  Ther Apher Dial     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  152-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2012 International Society for Apheresis.
Affiliation:
Service of Nephrology, Hemodialysis and Kidney Transplantation, Military Hospital of Instruction, Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco.
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