Document Detail


A model of surfactant-induced surface tension effects on the parenchymal tethering of pulmonary airways.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23235110     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We developed a computational model of lung parenchyma, which is comprised of individual alveolar chamber models. Each alveolus is modeled by a truncated octahedron. Considering the force balance between the elastin and collagen fibers laying on the alveolar membrane and the pressures acting on the membrane, we computed the deformations of the parenchyma with a finite element method. We focused on the effect of surfactant on the force of parenchymal tethering an airway. As the lung inflates, the parenchyma becomes stiffer and the tethering force becomes stronger. As the alveolar surfactant concentration is reduced, the lung volume at a fixed alveolar pressure decreases, and thus, the tethering force becomes weaker. The distortion of parenchyma caused by the deformation of an airway extends widely around the airway. The displacement of parenchyma decays with distance from the airway wall, but deviates from the prediction based on a theory for a continuum material. Using results obtained from the present lung parenchyma model, we also developed a simple 1-dimensional model for parenchyma tethering force on an airway, which could be utilized for the analysis of liquid/gas transports in an axis-symmetric elastic airway. The effective shear modulus was calculated from the pressure-volume relation of parenchyma. By manipulating the pressure-volume curve, this simple model may be used to predict the parenchyma tethering force in diseased lungs.
Authors:
Hideki Fujioka; David Halpern; Donald P Gaver
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2380     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Center for Computational Science, Tulane University, 6823 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA. Electronic address: fuji@tulane.edu.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  DNA demethylation and histone H3K9 acetylation determine the active transcription of the NKG2D gene ...
Next Document:  The limits of aerial twisting techniques in the aerials event of freestyle skiing.