Document Detail

A model for nonexercising hindlimb muscles in exercising animals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2383805     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Nonexercising muscles appear to be metabolically active during exercise. Animal models for this purpose have not been established. However, we have been able to teach animals to run on their forelimbs while their hindlimbs are suspended above the treadmill with no visible limb movement. To document that indeed this mode of exercise does not provoke additional muscle activity, we have compared the levels of neural activation of the soleus and plantaris muscles using a computer analysis of the electromyographic interference pattern, recorded from bipolar fine wire electrodes implanted across each muscle. Via computer analyses of the electromyographic interference patterns the frequencies and amplitudes of motor unit action potentials were obtained. The data were sampled during 20 s of every minute of observation. Comparisons were made in four conditions: (i) resting on the treadmill while bearing weight on the hindlimbs (normal rest), (ii) running on the treadmill (15 m/min, 8% grade) on all four limbs (normal exercise), (iii) resting while the hindlimbs were suspended in a harness above the treadmill (suspended rest), and (iv) exercising with the forelimbs (15 m/min, 8% grade) while the hindlimbs were suspended above the treadmill (suspended exercise). All four experimental conditions were carried out for 90 min each and were performed by each animal. The results clearly show that muscle activities (frequencies and amplitudes), when the hindlimbs are suspended above the treadmill, at rest or during exercise, are lower than the activities in these same muscles when the animals are at rest, supporting only their body weight. Activities in the same muscles during exercise were from 300 to 2000% greater than during hindlimb suspension.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
A Bonen; C Blewett; J C McDermott; G C Elder
Related Documents :
17165405 - Comparison of muscle functions during three contrasting abdominal exercises.
15169745 - Rapid upregulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase activity in human skeletal muscle d...
11484775 - Superoxide dismutase gene expression is activated by a single bout of exercise in rat s...
2846495 - Perspectives on molecular and cellular exercise physiology.
7643575 - Molecular cellular mechanisms of training effects.
1938735 - Effect of increased acceleration on regional pleural pressure in dogs.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0008-4212     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1990 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-09-20     Completed Date:  1990-09-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  914-21     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Division of Kinesiology, Dalhousie University, N.S., Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Action Potentials / drug effects
Electric Stimulation
Glycogen / metabolism
Hindlimb / physiology*
Models, Biological
Muscles / metabolism,  physiology*
Physical Conditioning, Animal*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Myosin phosphorylation, twitch potentiation, and fatigue in human skeletal muscle.
Next Document:  Recent studies of human calcium metabolism using stable isotopic tracers.