Document Detail


Is mode switching beneficial? A randomized study in patients with paroxysmal atrial tachyarrhythmias.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9247524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: We sought 1) to compare three pacing modalities-DDDR with mode switching (DM), DDDR with conventional upper rate behavior (DR) and VVIR (VR)-in patients with a history of atrial tachyarrhythmias, and 2) to assess the efficacy of six mode-switching algorithms. BACKGROUND: A history of atrial tachyarrhythmias has been a relative contraindication to dual-chamber pacing. Several mode-switching algorithms have recently been developed to prevent rapid tracking of atrial tachyarrhythmias. METHODS: Forty-eight patients (mean age 64 years, 58% male) with a history of atrial tachyarrhythmias and heart block had a DM pacemaker implanted. Pacemakers were programmed to DM, DR and VR modes for 4 weeks each in a randomized crossover design. All subjects used a patient-activated electrocardiographic (ECG) recorder throughout the study and additionally underwent ambulatory ECG monitoring and a treadmill exercise test in each mode. They completed three symptom questionnaires at the end of each pacing period. At the end of the study, patients chose their preferred pacing period. RESULTS: DM was significantly better than VR mode objectively (exercise time DM 8.1 min, VR 7.0 min, p < 0.01) and subjectively (perceived well-being DM 69, VR 51, p < 0.001; functional class DM 2.2, VR 2.5, p < 0.05; subjective symptom score DM 21.2, VR 26.8, p = 0.01). Patient-perceived well-being was significantly better with DM than with DR mode (DM 69, DR 60, p = 0.02). DM mode was the preferred pacing period (DM 51%, DR 14%, VR 14%). Early termination of pacing because of adverse symptoms was requested by 33% of patients during VR, 19% during DR but only 3% during DM mode. A higher proportion of patients with a fast mode-switching device preferred DM mode (fast 55%, slow 49%), whereas no patients with a fast mode-switching device chose VR as the preferred mode (fast 0%, slow 19%). In the subgroup of patients who had had atrioventricular node ablation, DM was also preferred to VR mode (DM 53%, VR 27%). Overall, there were only two cases of inappropriate mode switching and one case of inappropriate tracking of an atrial tachyarrhythmia. CONCLUSIONS: DM is the pacing mode of choice of patients with paroxysmal atrial tachyarrhythmias. With optimal programming, inappropriate mode switching and tracking of atrial tachyarrhythmias was very uncommon.
Authors:
K Kamalvand; K Tan; A Kotsakis; C Bucknall; N Sulke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-25     Completed Date:  1997-08-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  496-504     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Guy's Hospital, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Trust, London, England, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Atrial Fibrillation / therapy
Atrial Flutter / therapy
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods*
Catheter Ablation
Cross-Over Studies
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart Block / therapy
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Tachycardia, Paroxysmal / therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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