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A mild acute hemolytic transfusion reaction in a patient with alloanti-Ge3: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21392022     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of the Gerbich antibodies has been described as variable and there are no well-documented reports of hemolytic transfusion reactions (HTRs). CASE REPORT: We present the case of a woman with a long history of documented anti-Ge3 alloantibody who received multiple units of Ge+ red blood cells (RBCs) uneventfully. During the first admission to our hospital she was transfused 8 units of Ge+ RBCs and had a negative monocyte monolayer assay (MMA) before receiving the units. Within 2 weeks of the transfusions, the anti-Ge3 became significantly stronger by indirect antiglobulin test, and the MMA increased from 2.2 to 79.5% reactivity. She returned 4.5 years later with an emergent need for blood and was transfused with 2 units of Ge+ RBCs after premedication with steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin. RESULTS: The first unit was transfused without incident; however, she developed clinical and laboratory signs consistent with an acute HTR with the second unit. CONCLUSION: After a comprehensive review of the literature, we believe this to be the first well-documented case of acute HTR due to anti-Gerbich alloantibodies.
Authors:
Mariah R Baughn; Patricia Whitacre; Grace S Lo; Suchitra Pandey; Thomas A Lane
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transfusion     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1537-2995     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417360     Medline TA:  Transfusion     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 American Association of Blood Banks.
Affiliation:
From the Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego, California.
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